Prostate cancer cases have increased over the years. The American Cancer Society, there will be more than 161,000 newly diagnosed cases of prostate cancer in 2017 and more than 26,700 deaths. It’s currently estimated that approximately 14 percent of men develop prostate cancer.
Could your dad have prostate cancer?
Here are five things you need to know about this common cancer.
1.) Prostate Cancer is Most Common in Men 66 or Older
While younger men can get prostate cancer, 60 percent of prostate cancer cases are in men 66 or older. From the age of 50, your dad should go for regular blood tests to check for cancer. If he hasn’t been, you should schedule an appointment as soon as possible. The earlier the cancer is detected, the better the outcome.
2.) Prostate Cancer Affects African-American and Caribbean Men More Than Other Races
According to the American Cancer Society, men of African-American and Caribbean heritage are more likely to develop prostate cancer. It’s less common in men of Asian and Hispanic ancestry. It’s also more common among men living in Australia, Canada, the Caribbean, Europe’s Northwest, and the U.S.
3.) Certain Lifestyle Changes Can Lower Your Dad’s Risk
A diet high in vegetables and fruit is one way your dad can lower his risk of developing prostate cancer. Maintaining the right BMI is also believed to be beneficial.
4.) Your Dad Works With the Doctor to Decide the Best Treatment Plan
There are several options for treating prostate cancer. Your dad’s doctor will discuss the stage the cancer is at and decide the best treatment plan. Surgery to remove the prostate is the most common option. If his cancer has spread beyond the prostate, radiation, hormone therapy, and/or chemo may also be recommended.
5.) There’s a Higher Risk of Developing Certain Second Cancers
After surviving prostate cancer, men can have a higher risk for other cancers. These cancers include cancers of the small intestines, bladder, thyroid, bladder, soft tissue, and skin (melanoma). If the treatment plan includes radiation, there’s a higher risk for leukemia and rectal cancer, too. Regular check-ups should be scheduled.
If your dad undergoes surgery to remove the prostate, he’ll need help at home. He will have to limit his activities for a number of weeks. During this time, elder care can help make sure laundry, housework, and meal preparation get completed on schedule. Call an elder care agency as soon as possible to arrange home care for your dad.